cryptid-wendigo:

Saprolegnia is a type of fungal infection on fish that is often called “cotton molds” due to the type of fungus that grows. It often looks like fur and could be a reason why people think that the Fur Bearing Trout is still a real subspecies of trout even though it was deemed a hoax. Typically this fungus will feed on dead fish, however it is known to feed on injured ones as well. It mostly feeds off of trout and salmon which live in the exact climate that this fungus needs to survive; thus making it a prime suspect in Fur Bearing Trout sightings. 

The picture above went somewhat viral when a fisherman posted his catch online. This is an extreme case of Saprolegnia which you can see looks extremely familiar to the mounted Fur Bearing Trout.

scorpioasshoe:

bundyspooks:

The mouth of a Komodo Dragon is teaming with deadly bacteria, which slowly kill it’s prey after just a few days of coming into contact with the reptile. After biting, the Komodo Dragon will follow the wounded animal for up to a week and wait for it to drop dead from infection. Due to this, the Komodo Dragon remains one of the most deadly non-venomous animals in the world.

There was actually a recent study done on these, along with a documentary on netflix titled Land of Dragons (I believe) that disproves the theory that their bacteria infested saliva is the main cause of fatality in prey. Turns out they have two large sacks on their bottom jaw containing venom, responsible for killing their victims. They are the worlds largest venomous animal. 

http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2009/05/090518-komodo-dragon-venom.html

commanderholly:

coolthingoftheday:

TOP TEN WEIRDEST-LOOKING BIRDS

1. Tufted coquette

2. Superb Bird of Paradise (wat)

3. Gunnison sage-grouse

4. King of Saxony Bird of Paradise

5. Wilson’s Bird of Paradise

6. Shoebill

7. Magnificent Bird of Paradise

8. Long-wattled umbrellabird

9. Royal flycatcher

10. Standard-winged nightjar

look at these crazy toots

cyan-biologist:

thivus:

my-foot-is-a-quesadilla:

Why does the crab have fluffy mittens, science side of tumblr explain

to keep his hands warm

(After some research I found out..) This is the Chinese Mitten crab (Eriocheir sinensis) ! An invasive crab originally distributed in Asia, but now found almost everywhere in the world. Nobody knows why these setae (or hairs) are present on this crab [1], but we do know it is the perfect place for micro-organisms to settle in, and migrate to new areas [2, Normant et al, 2007].

Another species of crab uses these setae (where bacteria are living in) as a way to “detoxify” their surroundings, since they live around toxic thermal vents in the deep sea [3].

You may know him: the Yeti crab (Kiwa hirsuta)!

[Image: Ifremer/A. Fifis]
[1]: http://www.fws.gov/columbiariver/ans/factsheets/cmcrab.pdf
[2]: http://www.iopan.gda.pl/oceanologia/491norma.pdf
[3]: http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/science/nature/4785482.stm

biomedicalephemera:

The Tongue of the Cat

Have you ever wondered why your cat’s tongue is rough and bristly, and feels like sandpaper on your skin?

The papillae that extend from the central region of the tongue are encased by keratin, and form tiny, backward-facing barbs, which help your cat (and all cats!) scrape meat from bones, and comb detritus from fur. The Felidae are obligate carnivores, and in the wild, must get as much nutriment from each fleshy meal as possible; many wild cats have a less than 15% success rate for hunts, so getting as much as possible out of each kill is critical.

Felines also use their tongue for grooming. There are many types of grooming, but one of the primary reasons is obviously to clean themselves. As very few wild cats are the top of their local food chain (or prefer to remain as invisible as possible), obliterating any scent of a previous kill is critical. They also groom to cool off via evaporation, and during stressful situations, as a form of self-comfort or compulsion.

Did you know that your cat can’t taste sweets? Their copies of the genes that create the receptors for sugars are non-functional, and as such they can’t pick up that taste. When cats develop a habit of eating foods that we perceive as sweet, they’re after the underlying taste.

But don’t fret for your cat’s lost taste sensation! Unlike us, and most other mammals, felines can taste ATP! Yes, adenosine triphosphate, the substance that creates energy in all cells. The levels it’s present at are fairly low, even in the most blood-soaked muscles, but kitties can pick it up at miniscule amounts. When they can’t make their own kills, being able to detect the taste of ATP in foods they find is critical!

Anatomical Technology as Applied to the Domestic Cat. Burt G. Wilder and Simon H. Gage, 1886.

Cat Tongue: Science To Life

sixpenceee:

The Texas horned lizard takes defending itself to the extreme. Also known as the Phrynosoma cornutum, this lizard has been deemed the Texas State Reptile.

The horned lizard could use its horns to defend itself, but when provoked it does something that is truly eye-opening. When threatened, the lizard pressures its sinus cavities until the blood vessels in its eyes burst, spraying its attacker with blood from its eyes.The streams of blood can shoot as far as 5 feet. The reptile loses a third of its blood supply this way.

Even with a defense mechanism this awesome, these lizards are disappearing at an alarming rate. Their status is currently listed as “threatened.” (Source)

malformalady:

The leatherback sea turtle is the largest turtle, and the third largest living reptile, in the world. The leatherback is the only sea turtle that doesn’t have a hard bony
shell. A leatherback’s carapace is about 1.5 inches
thick and consists of leathery, oil-saturated connective tissue
overlaying loosely interlocking dermal bones. Leatherbacks don’t have the crushing chewing plates characteristic of
other sea turtles that feed on hard-bodied prey.
Instead, they have pointed tooth-like cusps and sharp-edged jaws that
are perfectly adapted for a diet of soft-bodied pelagic prey, such as jellyfish and salps. A leatherback’s mouth and throat also
have backward-pointing spines that help retain such gelatinous prey.

rogue-taxidermy-of-sarina-brewer:

A “vaulted” chicken skull. Very common, yet unknown to many skull collectors. Most crested chickens have this type of skull. (“Crested” is the term for the large pom-pom of feathers on top of the head of some breeds, two well-known examples are Silkie and Polish chickens) It is thought that this skull mutation was initially just a side effect of selective breeding for large amounts of feathers on top of the head (they weren’t being bred for the deformed skull) Now many breeders are of the opinion that a sizable knob makes the pom-pom look larger, so now the birds are bred for a large knob as well as the feather volume of the pom-pom. The knobs typically have holes in them and look like Swiss cheese. The severity of the holes varies from bird to bird. Some are missing large sections of skull and only have skin protecting their brain, therefore can be mortally injured by mild head trauma
.
#SkullCollecting #SkullCleaning #BirdSkull #AnimalSkulls #Aves #ChickenBreeds #FancyChickens #Silkies #PolishChickens #SilkieChickens #BackyardChickens #FreakAnimals #DeformedAnimals #DeformedAnimalSkull #AnimalMutations #VultureCulture #AnomaliesOfNature #Oddities #Curiosities #NaturalHistory #CabinetOfCuriosities #Wunderkammer #Taxidermy #VeterinaryMedicine #Osteology #CompativeOsteology

sixpenceee:

Vampire bats will die if they can’t find blood for two nights in a row. Luckily, generous well-fed bats will often regurgitate blood to share with others, in exchange for grooming. This has been noted by many naturalists as an example of reciprocal altruism in nature. (Source)